Author(s): Alberto Toscano
Description: The idea of fanaticism as a deviant or extreme variant of an already irrational set of religious beliefs is today invoked by the West in order to demonize and psychologize any non-liberal politics. Alberto Toscano's compelling and erudite counter-history explodes this accepted interpretation in exploring the critical role fanaticism played in forming modern politics and the liberal state. Tracing its development from the traumatic Peasants' War of early sixteenth-century Germany to contemporary Islamism, Toscano tears apart the sterile opposition of 'reasonableness' and fanaticism. Instead, in a radical new interpretation, he places the fanatic at the very heart of politics, arguing that historical and revolutionary transformations require a new understanding of his role. Showing how fanaticism results from the failure to formulate an adequate emancipatory politics, this illuminating history sheds new light on an idea that continues to dominate debates about faith and secularism.
Review: "Succinct yet expansively allusive in scope, dense yet highly readable, Fanaticism is a multi-levelled investigation into the role that the idea of the fanatic has played in political discourse." - Mark Fisher, Frieze "A tour de force in every sense-Toscano wipes the smug smiles off the self-righteous faces of the New Philosophers." - Mike Davis, author of Planet of Slums "By the end he has at irrefutably demolished our lazy opposition between rational-moderate liberalism and "fanatical" religion; while his sorrowful comparison of modern blowhards with "the great reactionaries of yesterday" is a slyly humorous touch." - Steven Poole, Guardian
Author Biography: Alberto Toscano is Reader in Critical Theory and Co-Director of the Centre for Philosophy and Critical Theory at Goldsmiths University, London. He is the author of The Theatre of Production: Philosophy and Individuation Between Kant and Deleuze, and (with Jeff Kinkle) Cartographies of the Absolute. He edited The Italian Difference: Between Nihilism and Biopolitics with Lorenzo Chiesa, and has translated several works by Alain Badiou, as well as Antonio Negri, Furio Jesi and Franco Fortini. He is on the editorial board of the journal Historical Materialism, and is series editor of The Italian List for Seagull Books.