Sallust (86-c. 35 bc) is the earliest Roman historian of whom complete works survive, a senator of the Roman Republic and younger contemporary of Cicero, Pompey and Julius Caesar. His "Catiline's War" tells of the conspiracy in 63 bc led by L. Sergius Catilina, who plotted to assassinate numerous senators and take control of the government, but was thwarted by Cicero. Sallust's vivid account of Roman public life shows a Republic in decline, prey to moral corruption and internal strife. In "The Jugurthine War" he describes Rome's fight in Africa against the king of the Numidians from 111 to 105 bc, and provides a damning picture of the Roman aristocracy. Also included in this volume are the major surviving extracts from Sallust's now fragmentary "Histories", depicting Rome after the death of the dictator Sulla.
Sallust (Gaius Sallustius Crispus), (86-34 BC), was a Roman historian. His principal works are the Bellum Catilinae, on the conspiracy of Catiline and his account of the Jugurthine War, Bellum Jugurthinum. A. J. Woodman is Basil L. Gildersleeve Professor of Classics at the University of Virginia. He has co-authored commentaries on Tacitus' Annals, and a monograph Latin Historians. Most recently he has produced Tacitus Reviewed, co-edited Traditions and Contexts in the Poetry of Horace, and published an award-winning translation of Tacitus' Annals.